The United Republic of Tanzania is located in East Africa’s Great Lakes region. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda in the north, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo in the east, and Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia in the south. At 947,303 square kilometres, Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa.
A combination of two former European administered colonies – Tanganyika and Zanzibar – Tanzania is an ethnically diverse country with more than 120 different ethnic groups.
Tanzania’s capital is Dodoma, although Dar Es Salaam is the country’s largest city, main commercial centre, largest port, and was the capital until 1996.
Tanzania also boasts both Africa’s highest point (Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,985m above sea level) and lowest point (Lake Tanganyika at 352m below sea level). Lake Tanganyika is one of three of Africa’s Great Lakes that lie wholly or partially within Tanzania’s borders – the others being Africa’s largest lake (Lake Victoria) and Lake Nyasa.
Tanzania has a population of 49 million people, with 44.1% aged under 15. The majority of Tanzania’s population lives along the country’s northern border or it’s east coast. Population density varies from 12 per square kilometre in the Katavi region all the way up to 3,133 per square kilometre in the country’s most populous city, Dar Es Salaam (population 4.3 million).